Top 15 facts about hedgehogs

Posted by Olympiad Tester on


Delve into the enchanting world of hedgehogs, small spiky mammals with unique features and charming behaviors:

  1. Hedgehogs are nocturnal creatures, preferring to explore and forage during the night while resting in concealed places during the day.

  2. Characterized by their spines, which are modified hairs, hedgehogs have approximately 5,000 to 7,000 spines covering their backs as a form of defense against predators.

  3. Despite their spiky appearance, hedgehogs are skilled at rolling into a tight ball to protect their vulnerable underside when threatened.

  4. Hedgehogs possess a keen sense of smell and hearing, aiding them in locating food, such as insects, worms, small mammals, and fruit.

  5. These delightful mammals have a relatively long lifespan for their size, with some species living up to 7 years in the wild and even longer in captivity.

  6. During the autumn months, hedgehogs undergo a process called hibernation to conserve energy when food becomes scarce. Their heart rate and body temperature drop significantly during this period.

  7. Female hedgehogs are known as sows, and males are called boars. They come together during the breeding season, and after a gestation period of about a month, the sow gives birth to a litter of hoglets.

  8. Hedgehogs are solitary creatures, and adult individuals typically prefer to live alone, except during the mating season.

  9. These charming mammals are found in a variety of habitats, including gardens, parks, woodlands, and meadows, showcasing their adaptability to diverse environments.

  10. Hedgehogs have relatively poor eyesight, relying on their other senses for navigation. They can travel several miles in a night while searching for food.

  11. Their diet consists mainly of invertebrates, making them valuable allies in controlling insect populations, including pests harmful to gardens and crops.

  12. When hedgehogs encounter new scents or substances, they may engage in a behavior known as self-anointing. They produce frothy saliva and spread it on their spines, possibly as a form of protection or communication.

  13. Despite their solitary nature, hedgehogs are not overly territorial and may share overlapping home ranges with other individuals without aggressive interactions.

  14. Many hedgehog species are excellent climbers and swimmers, displaying surprising versatility in their ability to navigate different terrains.

  15. Throughout history, hedgehogs have been featured in various myths, folklore, and even literature, capturing the hearts of people worldwide with their endearing qualities.


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