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1. Where was Indus Valley Civilization first noticed?
Answer: b) Pakistan
Explanation: The Indus Valley Civilization was first noticed in the 1920s in what is now Pakistan, in the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
2. What was the main feature of Harappa Civilization? (2015)
a) Paved streets and drainage system
b) Art and sculpture
c) Agriculture and animal husbandry
d) Seafaring and trade
Answer: a) Paved streets and drainage system
Explanation: One of the main features of the Harappa Civilization was the well-planned cities with paved streets and an advanced drainage system, which suggests a high level of sophistication in urban planning and engineering.
3. What was the period of rule of Ashoka?
a) 200 BC - 150 BC
b) 268 BC - 232 BC
c) 1200 AD - 1250 AD
d) 1100 AD - 1150 AD
Answer: b) 268 BC - 232 BC
Explanation: Ashoka was an Indian emperor who ruled from 268 BC to 232 BC, during the Maurya dynasty. He is known for his efforts to spread Buddhism and his policies of non-violence and religious tolerance.
4. Who discovered America?
a) Christopher Columbus
b) Amerigo Vespucci
c) Marco Polo
d) Vasco da Gama
Answer: a) Christopher Columbus
Explanation: Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer who is credited with discovering America in 1492, although he was not the first European to reach the Americas.
5. Which of the following was a major empire in the Indian subcontinent during the medieval period?
a) Gupta Empire
b) Mughal Empire
c) Mauryan Empire
d) Harappan Empire
Answer: b) Mughal Empire
Explanation: The Mughal Empire was a major empire in the Indian subcontinent during the medieval period, from the early 16th century to the mid-19th century. It was founded by Babur in 1526 and reached its peak under the rule of Akbar the Great in the 16th and early 17th centuries.